Elderberry is a fairly common plant, in some regions it grows as a weed along the edges of the forest, in the meadows. If you need to quickly grow a green Bush to fence off some part of the garden or create a vertical, then planting an elderberry is a very good solution.
If you do not go into the Botanical details, we can say that the main division of elder species — is the black and red. And it is important to remember that the fruits of elderberry red are very poisonous, and black elderberry berries can be used for food, but with restrictions.
The second important point — the black-fruit representative has a more limited area of cultivation, as in cold winters freezes. After, however, successfully restored, growing from the root.
Black elderberry fruit
Elderberry blossoms are very beautiful, forming a wide corymbose inflorescences. Their color is white or yellowish. Decorative varieties with pink flowers of different shades are also derived.
Propagation by cuttings
It is very easy to propagate elder cuttings, both lignified and green — the growth of the current year. Cuttings are well rooted and the survival rate is very high. The right time for cutting is the end of June-beginning of July.
For reproduction cuttings with two internodes, leaving under the lower about 2 cm branches. This internode will be buried, so its sheet is cut off completely.
The bottom sheet is cut with cutting
On top of the kidney make the cut, stepping back from her for about 1 see compound leaf elderberry trim, leaving only one pair of simple leaves.
Make the top cut and shorten the sheet
In the photo above, you can see the manipulation of the lignified stalk, the same can be done with the green growth of the current year.
For rooting, take a small container that is filled with a light substrate. Prepared cuttings are buried in the soil almost to the top of the kidney and watered.
Bury the cuttings
Top cover with a transparent lid (for example, a glass) or a bag. Place the container with cuttings in partial shade and do not forget to periodically water.
Fast enough will begin to form roots. This can be easily seen if the capacity is transparent. The second sign that the cuttings successfully take root is the growth of new leaves from the open kidney.
The graft has gone into growth
If you see that the young plant is actively developing, it has good roots and a couple of new leaves, it can be planted in the garden. If you can not plant a plant in a permanent place in the fall, then it needs to dig somewhere in the garden right in a glass and cover for the winter.
Elderberry is a fast-growing undemanding plant, a wonderful honey plant, simultaneously scaring off a large number of garden pests. Black elderberry has useful and even medicinal properties. In addition, decorative varieties of elderberry can be a real decoration of your garden. And black elderberry flowers in the spring can be welded to the original jam
Has elderberry already settled in your garden? Share with us in the comments!