Pruning Shrubs

Let’s look at what kind of tool is needed for trimming.

For convenient operation it is desirable to have a variety of cutting tools, as a special always superior to universal.

Saving on the purchase of a quality tool for cutting unwise. What better way to spend one day more or less a tidy sum, and many years to enjoy the pleasure of work or every year to throw away money on a simple and awkward tool which mock plants, over themselves and over others and forced to contemplate this sad picture?

What is needed to trim?

1. Cutting tool:

  • The pruner is a basic tool which is necessary for, used for trimming branches up to a thickness of 25 mm!
  • The lopper is a pruner with long handles for larger thickness of 30-50 mm, plants and hard to reach areas crowns.
  • Garden saw — to work with large trees and shrubs.
  • Knife-for fine work on the formation of fruit trees and Stripping bad cut.
  • Scissors-for cutting and shaping hedges.

2. Equipment:

  • Stairs or a ladder.
  • Protective gloves.
  • Goggles.

3. Materials and devices:

  • Garden putties.
  • Ropes and cuffs.
  • Spacers.

How to choose a pruner?

Modern secateurs make it easy and safe to make smooth cuts. Practically, the pruner is the main and often the only pruning tool. Therefore, the success of the event depends on its correct choice. With all the visible variety of sectors currently on sale, there are only two main types.

In the first case, the blade has a curved shape and cuts on the principle of ordinary scissors. This is the most common and convenient in all respects type of pruner. However, it must be adjusted so that there is no noticeable gap under the blade, otherwise it will often jam and instead cut the shoots. Check your favorite pruner is better not only on the branches, but also on a sheet of paper. If the paper cuts, but not to me, the branch, the more will do it. Ideally, the pruner cuts well the entire surface of the blade, including the tip.

In the second case, a straight blade with double-sided sharpening and cutting rests on the end face of the opposite plate, as if chopping off a limb like the ax, pressing it to the pad. These pruners are pleasant to work with, because their design eliminates the problem of “jamming” found in other pruners. However, they have two drawbacks stemming from their design features. This is, firstly, the wide ends of the blades, not allowing a clean cut of branches in remote places of the crown. In addition, the large thickness of the base plate may prevent the blade from moving as close as possible to the optimal cut line.

That was very very good pruner should not be too heavy, and also desirable pivoting lever and ratchet mechanism, which will make the work nice and will save the hands of the cutter. For example, branches with a diameter of up to 30 mm, which you did not have enough strength to eat with the help of the classic sector, “teeth” sector with a ratchet mechanism. Effort, necessary for cutting thick line, “ratchet” unfolding on several movements, develop which can even delicate female hand. Another small remark about the springs, which are equipped with some models of pruners-they tend to get lost.

The pruner, suitable for pruning trees and shrubs, should have long blades, which in an open position diverge enough widely. Miniature pruners and scissors with a small angle of divergence of the blades are designed for cutting colors.
The stronger the blades of the pruning shears zawayda to the ends, the smaller will be the crown of the plant is unavailable to it. The latter statement is valid for all versions of the pruners.

What loppers?

Pruning Shrubs

The loppers are commonly called shears, which feature a more or less long handles. If pruners with short handles can easily cut branches with a diameter of one and a half to two centimeters, then with long, at least,-twice as thick. Modern long pruning shears, loppers equipped with a variety of devices that allow to cut an imposing branches, applying a relatively small effort.

For trimming branches, located at a considerable height, used choppers, called air pruning. The blade of such a cutter is driven by a rope, wire or a more complex device, ending with a lever. Rope cutters are easy to repair in case of breakage, but they are more difficult to work with, because you have to ensure that the rope does not get tangled in the branches. Lever work more convenient, but it is not recommended to break it.

Cuts made at a considerable distance are not as accurate as contact. In addition, air pruners are often wedged and “chew” shoots, so do not make them large sections.

You should not be fond of cutting too thick branches, although a good pruner allows you to do this. First, you can break the pruner or reduce its service life. Secondly, the thicker the cut branch, the lower the quality of the cut, and this does not affect the speed and nature of wound healing.

Why we use a variety of shears?

Short and long pruners do not replace, but complement each other. Short is more convenient to use, they can do more fine work, the cuts are more precise and accurate. The long pruner not only copes with branches more than 30 mm, but also is convenient for cutting of branches in bushes and in all cases when it is difficult to reach them the usual pruner.

Garden saws

Pruning Shrubs

Large branches with which it is impossible to cope with a sector — saw off. For removal of large branches, especially dry, and the whole trunks to which there is a free access, it is possible to use a good joiner’s saw. But for a live wood, it is preferable to use special garden saws. Their fundamental difference is that the first deals with dead and dry wood, while the second saws on live and therefore it requires a very good quality of cut-smooth, without damaging the bark and leaving burrs. And therefore, there are increased requirements to the quality of the saw.

Garden saw, in fact, this saw is for cross cutting with more widely separated teeth — more than a double thickness of fabric. Good garden saw cuts both direct and reverse, its teeth are not clogged with raw sawdust, and contributes to their ejection from the cut. This is achieved by the height of the teeth (5-7 mm), their special hardening, sharpening and wiring.

For cutting thinner branches, especially inside the crown, there are special hacksaw with a curved narrow blade. This form increases the permeability of the saw in the narrow and thickened areas and helping to avoid injury to the tree.

Now produce lightweight folding nail file. Their main advantage is the convenience of transportation and storage. With their purchase in addition to the quality of blades you should pay attention, how safe is it in working condition is attached to the handle, because it affects the usability and durability of the saw.

How to choose a garden knife?

Pruning Shrubs

Garden knives are used for cutting of branches, for small trimming, smoothing of rough cut, cutting of bark, an okulirovka, an inoculation, cleaning of wounds and many other garden works. In principle, a garden knife can do everything that is done by a sector, as it was in former times. However, this requires sufficient physical strength and precision of movement.

The main advantage of any knife-a good blade. Garden knives are no exception to this rule. They must be sharp and sterile.
To perform responsible and accurate garden work that requires much accuracy and professionalism, using special knives — okulirovannyh and vaccination.

The main advantage of any knife-a good blade. Garden knives are no exception to this rule. They must be sharp and sterile.
To perform responsible and accurate garden work that requires much accuracy and professionalism, using special knives — okulirovannyh and vaccination.

The occulting knife is equipped with a special tongue, with which separate the bark of the rootstock and insert the kidneys when the popularization. The blade he with a convex blade and a pointed tip.

Grafting knife has a straight blade, convenient to carry out long and smooth cuts necessary for grafting cuttings. Also let out also combined knives with okulirovochny and inoculative blades on one handle.

The shape of the knife is determined not only by the size and characteristics of the structure of the hand, but some individual preferences.

What are garden shears for?

Pruning Shrubs

Garden scissors with long blades, reminiscent of household scissors, designed for cutting the pattern, when the cut of each individual branch is not selected, and the whole mass of shoots cut at a certain height in accordance with the desired shape. A classic example of the hedge. For this purpose, there is also a tool equipped with engines powered by electricity or gasoline. With a large amount of work is simply salvation.

What are the basic requirements for cropping tools?

All tools must:

  • be safe during operation and transportation;
  • to be sharply sharpened;
  • to withstand significant stress;
  • have the most narrowed ends, allowing to penetrate into hard-to-reach parts of the crown of the plant;
  • to have a comfortable arm;
  • have brightly colored details to make your search easier;
  • be, on opportunities, lungs,.

Do I need personal protective equipment when cutting?

No matter how carefully you work, after a while your hands will look like you were fighting cats. Therefore, with a significant amount of work gloves can be considered a necessity, especially for women.

The basic requirements of the clipper to the gloves are as follows:

  • tight fit to the hand, providing a secure grip of the cutting tool;
  • smooth surface that will not cling to twigs and bark ledges;
  • density sufficient to protect the skin of the hands.

Good service you will serve the old, but strong leather gloves, especially if you have to meet with prickly bushes.

One should not ignore such an important fixture as safety glasses. After all, when pruning the eyes are often exposed to the risk of injury, as well as clogging with small debris, abounding from the trees.
Since cutting is associated with the use of cutting tools, which should also be sharp, within reach should be kept
first aid kit with disinfectants,hemostatic and dressings.

What is important to know about the garden stairs?

Garden stairs are used when pruning tall shrubs and trees. The main requirement for them is stability. In addition to the reliability of the design, you should pay attention to its legs. Since the staircase is installed in the garden, that is, on the ground, it should be arranged so as not to fall into the ground under the weight of a person. This is an important safety requirement, because the soil has an uneven density, and the ladder, drowning, can dangerously nakrenyatsya.
Instead of ladders and step ladders it is possible to use tables and other supports if only they met safety requirements.

How to protect the cut plant until his wounds healed?

To protect the surface of slices (diameter over 2 cm), field inoculation, cracks and morozovoy on the trunks and branches from drying out, ingress of water, air, bacteria, fungi and garden pests apply putty. The classic option-garden var.
Good var does not require preheating, easy to apply and easy to stick. To distinguish the good options from the bad appearance of the store is not very simple. Var, packaged in banks, often of high quality. Var in paper packaging can be checked by pressing — the softer it is, the better, If you get an unsuccessful var, before using it will have to be heated and applied with a brush, because in the normal state it rolls off the wound and does not perform its functions.

You can use paint, but not all. Toxic accented not only solvents, but and some pigments. For example, safe protection or soot on natural drying oil, but in General, if in doubt, better not take risks. Especially since in recent years there have been special preparations for the protection of sections containing disinfectant and physiologically active substances that contribute to the rapid regeneration of injured tissues.

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