Most often, the construction of the walls are thought about when it is necessary to strengthen the site on the slope. However, they can be used in the design of a completely flat garden, for example, for zoning the site, creating an original bench, or for framing raised flower beds or high beds.
Low walls of dry masonry made of natural stone look impressive in themselves. Generally they are made of limestone, Sandstone, diabase or greywackes. Limestone-stone is very light, but the color of Sandstone depends on the place of production and can be reddish, yellowish or even greenish. The diabase is mainly dark gray and greywackes often is the mixture of different colors.
The peculiarity of such walls is that the stones are placed without the use of concrete.
Rounded stones look less severe. The wall of this material looks great in a romantic garden.
To blossom a wall, it is enough to paint separate stones. For the same purpose it is possible to use a ceramic stone blocks.
Secrets of dry masonry
For a construction of a wall of a dry laying generally use the stones hewn in the form of bricks. This material is easier to lay than rubble stone, however, hewn stone is more expensive. If the wall, in your opinion, looks too boring, in the seams between the stones can be planted plants intended for planting in rock gardens.
Stones and brick can be laid out in rows in several layers or to fill in their lattice boxes. These structures make excellent fences for flower beds, retaining walls and even benches.
When one row of stones is laid out, the seams are filled with gravel. To the wall was stable, it is made under a slight slope on the Foundation of compacted gravel (ideally 80 cm thick).
Stones should be selected so that they fit tightly to each other, do not stagger and do not move.
The frame is ready! Now fill the flower garden with fresh soil and plant plants.
In the diagram above:
- Foundation: it is especially important in the case of strengthening the slope. Dig a trench 80 cm deep and cover it with crushed stone (fraction 0/32). It is desirable to pour layers and each tamp.
- Wall: stones with two relatively flat sides are best suited. Use the largest stones for the bottom row, and the smallest — for the top. At structures with a thickness of two stones periodically need to put a binder (anchor) stones — they are placed not along, like everyone else, and across the masonry to the wall was more stable. Important: retaining stacks on the slope to do under the slope a minimum of 10-15° to the slope. Regarding the height and thickness of the wall is better to consult with experts, even if you put it yourself.
- Drainage: that water does not push the stones out of the masonry and thus did not destroy the building, on the back side of the wall you need to pour a layer of gravel. It is poured as the construction of the wall. For water drainage, it is possible to lay a drainage pipe at the very base of the gravel layer.
If the drywall plays the role of the septum in the area, for starters take the Foundation to a depth of 80 cm and a pitch of the two boards of the formwork in the form of contours of the wall. Put them at the beginning and end of the stone structures. Between the wooden frames pull the cords to indicate the longitudinal sides of the wall.
If you want the top planting, laying out the last 20 cm of the walls, leave a small hole in the center. After completing the work in it, cover the ground and plant the plants.
Dry masonry walls are very popular with lizards. They are heated on the stones, and in case of danger hiding in the seams.