Each plant needs an individual approach, but there are General rules under which your work will be crowned with success and the flowers will quickly take root and will please abundant flowering. Everything written here is proven you can safely use in your life.
Now, many gardeners prefer annuals to buy seedlings. There are several advantages. Buying flower seeds, we have to rely on the integrity of the manufacturer that is well-dry them (ideal humidity should be 4-8%), removed of weeds and properly stored. The shelf life of seeds of various species range from 1 to 6 years, so if they are expired, the germination rate will be low, or even zero. Also seeds can be infected with fungi and spores that are visually impossible to determine, unlike seedlings.
From practice it follows that it is more expedient to buy the seedlings with closed root system (in small peat or plastic pots). In each tank there should be only one plant. It is very important that the root system was not overgrown, if the roots wasn’t enough room for natural growth and they entwined in a tangle – the use of such flower will be small. That is why many growers are afraid to buy seedlings in cassettes with minimal volume of cells.
Feel free to carefully inspect each purchased instance, touch your finger to the moisture content of the substrate in the tank (it is in any case should not be dry!) and carefully inspect the plant for diseases and pests. The stems and leaves should be fresh, strong, natural to this species and variety of color, do not have stains, plaque and damage. Do not take instances with unnaturally bright color of the leaves and unusually thick stems, short internodes. Obviously, when cultivation was used a huge amount of fertilizers and stimulants. After landing on the flower bed, not getting the usual diet, this plant will quickly lose its spectacular view and, most likely, will die.
Choose hardened seedlings, this way you will save yourself from having to temper it. There is one stunningly simple, but true way. Remember how to look like spring, a fresh-blown leaves on the trees. They are pale green, almost transparent, with a shiny, smooth surface of sheet. But if we look at them in two weeks, we will see that the color of leaf became dark, the surface has lost the lacquer Shine and became more rough. It is the result of exposure to the sun, wind and the change of day and night temperatures. So look for these characteristics in the seedlings!
And another necessary condition: consider the biological needs and characteristics of plants. Soil type, moisture content and drainage, lighting, resistance to drought, maximum air temperatures. If you buy multiple plants, planning to plant them in a group, don’t forget about the power of flowers growth. Quickly and powerfully developing the above-ground part and root system of the types will leave its more modest neighbors, no food, no water, no light.
The day before, 2-3 days before planting thoroughly spray the seedlings with a solution. Do not neglect it. It increases the efficiency of rooting of planted seedlings, serves as an excellent protection against diseases, pests and strengthens weakened plants. You can spray and after disembarkation, but not more often than 1 time in two weeks. For this period there is disintegration of mortar in any part of the plant and use it often simply useless. Note that this solution should be stored in dark place, in any case do not exceed the recommended dosage and the drug to dissolve in pure water, as in an alkaline medium it is destroyed. To be safe, you can slightly acidify the water, vinegar, boric or citric acid. Or just buy distilled water. The prepared solution use the same day.
The plot of land intended for planting flower seedlings, you need to prepare the day before. Dig to a depth of bayonet spade, carefully loosen, leveled with a rake.
Then carefully pour the excavated area, so that water was not left in the ground Until the next day the water is well soaked soil, the day it will not be very warm and the plants will be easier to survive the adjustment period.
Prepare the holes. The width and the depth should be 2-3 cm larger than the volume of the container in which the plant is located.
The opinions of experts on the question of adding fertilizer at planting different: some are inclined to believe that in the period of rooting (10-14 days), making them unnecessarily suggesting to start fertilizing after establishment. Others suggest on the bottom of the pit, add a pinch of complex fertilizers, cover it with earth, (to avoid contact with roots). As practice shows, the plants planted with the addition of fertilizer at planting, moving into growth and bloom for 3-5 days earlier than those who fertilize 2 weeks after planting.
Seedlings in pots profusely for 20-30 minutes before landing to the ground tangle is well soaked with moisture and left on the roots. Hands squeezing the side walls of the pot from the bottom up, gently squeezing the plant.
Never take in a single sheet or on top of, the best of the earthen tangle. Place it in the hole and carefully covered with earth, almost sealing a slight pressure of the palms and watered from a watering can at the roots, to avoid the formation of voids and to ensure a tight fit of the soil to the roots.
Once the water has been absorbed, fill the hole with dry earth or sand to avoid formation of a crust. If removing the plant together with a lump failed, landing carefully so the roots are freely placed in the hole, in any case, not curving upwards. Observe the recommended for this plants planting density to ensure the full development of the crown and root system, abundant long-lasting flowering.