If you have a pond widely grown acorus calamus, it’s time to spend harvesting its medicinal roots. But everything in order.
Acorus calamus is a perennial herbaceous fragrant plant with thick, long, creeping, yellow-green rhizome up to 3 m long, covered with spirally arranged leaf scars. Stem erect, unbranched, with a height of 80-125 cm Leaves narrowly linear, ensiform, length of 60-120 cm, two-rowed, bright green with a spicy flavor. The flowers are small, greenish-yellow, collected in a fleshy, protruding cob; bloom in may-July. Fruit – polyspermous red berries are formed rarely.
Acorus forms spectacular groups of stems and leaves rising high above the water, the strict linearity of which will harmoniously fit into the style of the summer house . Supports and creates a green or greenish-white scale. Decorative throughout the growing season.
It is recommended for registration of various reservoirs (with immersion in water to depth of 0,3-0,5 m) or for landing in a boggy zone of a site, preferably on clay, but it is possible and on sandy loam soil, it is admissible — in containers. With intensive growth is able to displace other plant species, so you need to control it. The distance between plants when planting: 50-70 cm. Planting acorus, you will be able to provide your family with valuable food and medicinal raw materials and to preserve the purity of the water in the reservoir.
Acorus calamus is used as a decorative, food, spicy, medicinal plant. The food is used 2-3-year-old rhizomes with bitterness (in dry form as a spice instead of Bay leaf, ginger, cinnamon; fresh rhizomes in small doses go to the preparation of jam, candied fruits, sweets), juicy, soft parts of the plant (in salads, as a spice to fish, to flavor strong, sweet drinks, beer, confectionery).
For therapeutic purposes, rhizomes are used that have a tonic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, choleretic, secretolytic, antibacterial, disinfectant, anthelmintic action, strengthening gums and teeth. Here are a few recipes use:
Acorus heartburn: it is enough to take the tip of a knife of ground rhizome powder and taken with water. Heartburn goes away after a few minutes. When the acidity is reduced, acorus take before meals. When the acidity is increased after a meal.
Choleretic drops from acorus: for this you need 1 teaspoon of rhizome powder to dilute with 1.5 tablespoons of vodka, then insist 10-12 days in a warm dark place, shaking daily. Take after meals, with a small amount of water, 25-30 drops to an adult.
Antiallergic bath of acorus for children: 1 tablespoon of crushed rhizome acorus pour 1 liter of warm water in an enamel bowl, over low heat bring to a boil and boil for 2-3 minutes. Cool, strain and add to the bath.
Acorus roots are harvested in late summer or autumn, washed, cleaned (like potatoes), cut into 4 pieces along, and then across into pieces 3-4 cm long. Dried at a temperature not exceeding 35°C.