If you arrange a beauty contest among coniferous perennials, Abies of the genus Pinaceae could easily take first place on it. Dressed in a fluffy fur coat, with vertically standing candlesticks cones, Abies ennoble any (even very modest) country plot.
Coniferous beauty is famous for its resinous-tart aroma, which has healing properties. Her scent kills disease-causing germs – it’s just a storehouse of volatile, which perfectly disinfect the air. It is believed that the smell of Abies is able to warm the suffering soul, to inspire optimism, to relieve depression. No wonder many Northern peoples Abies to this day considered a sacred tree. Do you want to add a little health and peace of mind? Plant an Abies in the garden. She loves the shade, so you can choose to plant the most shaded areas of your garden.
Abies has more than 50 varieties: from ornamental shrubs no higher than 50 cm to tall (20-40 m) trees. Almost all types of coniferous beauties have a pyramidal structure of the crown, broad-shaped branches with fluffy needles, on which oval cones of brownish-brown, violet-blue, purple or yellow color are nestled. Imbued with the healing properties of Abies, its decorative charm, frost resistance and unpretentiousness, I decided to plant a few trees in my cottage, because the territory allows.
Care for Abies
While my Abies were gaining strength, I was just shaking at them. Every day I looked: do they have enough moisture? have the branches been grafted on? Mulching circle made a diameter of 50 cm (later expanded to 1 m), and every September, freeing the foot of the trees from weeds, sprinkled with sawdust circle (can peat). Abies roots grow horizontally, so the first 2 years after planting in the winter I covered mulch lapnikom (3 years after planting Abies no longer needs shelter for the winter).
Watered on particularly dry days, remembering-that Abies does not like waterlogging. Fertilize seedlings for 2 years after planting is not necessary. But from the 3rd year it is necessary to make 200 g of universal fertilizer once a season under each tree. By the way, the lower branches of the trees are perfectly rooted themselves, but you can help them a little “help” – sprinkle with humus. Abies can not be called a sissy, but very easy to care for it can not be called. She loves constancy and in one place is able to live 200-300 years. In pruning practically does not need, and if you still find it necessary to cut off the branches from the General composition, use conventional garden scissors and cut branches by no more than 1/3.
Caring for Abies gave me incomparable pleasure, I liked to be near my trees, breathing in their whole breast resinous aroma. And really-my soul became easy and pleasant. But there is no barrel of honey without a small spoon of tar. Beautiful Abies, loves harmful Adelgidae. To protect trees from such adversity, I have several times in the season the branches were sprayed with insecticides and sulfur colloid.
Types Of Abies
I present to you the three most popular types of Abies.
Korean fir reaches a height of 15 m, has a wide conical crown and short juicy needles. Its branches grow in layers, and the cones are like small purple cylinders (4-7 cm). Fir Korean-the most winter-hardy variety, has several subspecies that differ from each other in size and shape of the crown.
Balsamic fir in favorable conditions can grow up to 20 m high. Crohn’s thick, low down, conceals tiered growing branches-spruce branches and. Cones decorative, purple-purple. Needles green on top and bottom have a white hue. Frost-resistant and is famous for its healing properties.
White fir is a luxurious tree, reaching 15 m in height, with a thick pyramid-shaped crown and branches growing parallel to the ground.
Fir-tree needles are used to produce the famous fir oil, which is used in medicine, cosmetology and phototherapy, and fir-tree bark accumulates healing resins, from which camphor is made. Well? I convinced you that fir is simply necessary to have on your country site? And if the area of the site does not allow planting high fir trees, it is possible to limit dwarf varieties.