- Types of linoleum;
- Linoleum without backing;
- Linoleum with backing;
- Vinyl carpet;
- Natural linoleum;
- Determining the quantity ;
- Standard width;
- Modular carpeting;
- Floor preparation;
- Laying linoleum;
- Fitting and cutting of linoleum;
- Fit to the doorway;
- Linoleum docking and sticker;
- Joining pieces of linoleum;
Rolled synthetic linoleum (PVC linoleum, rolled vinyl) is ideal for solid flooring in kitchens, bathrooms and other areas where water simply can not get on the floor.
Types of linoleum
Linoleum without backing
In the vinyl coating, the pattern is placed between the PVC base and the transparent protective layer also made of PVC. The thicker the protective layer, the higher the wear resistance of the coating.
Linoleum with backing
The elastic backing, usually made of foamed PVC, makes the floor warmer and more pleasant to walk on.
Vinyl carpet-a combination of carpet and linoleum. It has a velvety nylon pile anchored in a waterproof PVC base.
Such a coating is very readily laid in kitchens, since the contamination that gets on it is easily washed off with water with a mild detergent.
It is made from linseed oil, wood flour, chalk and pine resin.
This is a long-lasting high-quality floor covering, suitable for any room in the house.
Determining the quantity
Measure the floor and draw a floor plan, including the location of doors, window niches, alcoves, etc., plus the full width of the door frame. Specify the dimensions on the plan and take it with you when buying a carpet or linoleum — you will be told the most economical way to cover the floor.
The ideal option is seamless wall-to-wall flooring, but this is often not possible either because of the lack of required width, or because the shape of the room is such that using a single piece will cause too many scraps. In such cases, you have to join two widths of carpet or linoleum — but try not to make a seam in the places of the main movement.
It is also necessary to take into account the selection of the pattern or the direction of the pile on the parts of the coating, otherwise they will look different. Take into account the allowance of 75 mm on all sides, necessary for fitting in place and laying.
Most manufacturers produce rolled carpet or linoleum of standard width. Some coverings can be cut to fit the shape of the room, but the factor of the average amount of waste is included in the price. Not all carpets have a full set of standard sizes, and you may have problems when choosing the color of samples of different widths-check this point with the seller.
Carpet and linoleum are measured in metric units. Products with a width of 2.74 m or more in everyday life are called carpets, and with a width of 0.91 m or less-carpet paths.
Modular carpeting (modular, or sheet, carpet) – not to be confused with carpet tiles! – these are rectangular freely laid pieces of carpet. Just order the size you need according to the proportions of the room. Such carpets should be turned from time to time to ensure that the wear is uniform.
1. Before laying the linoleum, make sure that the floor is smooth and dry. Vacuum the surface and nail down any boards that are poorly secured.
2. Remove all the irregularities of the concrete floor with a screed, and the plank-with a flooring made of hard fiberboard sheets.
3. The concrete floor should have a waterproofing layer, and the wooden floor of the lower floor should have ventilation from below.
4. Do not put linoleum on boards that have recently been treated with antiseptic.
Leave the linoleum in the room where it will be laid for 24-48 hours, preferably unfolded or at least vertically in a loosely rolled roll, with gaps between the turns.
Make an improvised planer by driving a nail into a wooden rail 50 mm from one of its ends. This device will be used when laying the coating near the baseboards.
Fitting and cutting of linoleum
Laying a solid coating (in one piece), start with the longest wall. Move the linoleum edge away from the wall by about 35 mm. Use an improvised reismus to draw a line that follows the plinth line.
Use scissors or a knife to cut off the coating and slide it over the wall.
In order for the entire sheet to lie as flat as possible, make a triangular cut in each corner. At the outer corners, make a straight cut to the floor. Cut off the waste as much as possible, leaving 50-75 mm of material wrapped up around the entire perimeter. Using a stone chisel, press the coating into the corner between the baseboard and the floor. Attach a steel ruler to this fold and cut the coating by running a sharp knife along it with a slight inclination to the skirting board.
Fit to the doorway
Bend the linoleum from the floor, make straight cuts along the edges of the opening, cut off the excess and close the edge with a plank.
Linoleum docking and sticker
Linoleum can not be glued to the floor, but if you want to glue at least the edges, for example in a doorway, then bend the edge and use a serrated spatula to apply the recommended glue to the floor or stick a double-sided tape with a width of 50 mm.
Joining pieces of linoleum
Apply the edge of one of the pieces to the surface of the second one so that the pattern of both pieces is one. Cut both pieces at the same time with a knife and remove the waste.
Without moving the pieces, bend the two cut edges, apply tape or glue, and press the joint to the floor.
To lay the coating around the toilet or sink rack, bend the material, pierce it with a knife directly above the floor level and cut through to the edge.
Make triangular notches around the base until the coating is flat. Bend and trim the waste.