Blueberries grow on bushes, dark, almost black berries blueberry covers bright the plaque, he gives them a deep blue. Pleasant sour-sweet taste of this berry is loved by many, and many would also like to grow blueberries in the garden to always have a tasty harvest. This is not so difficult, and now I will share with you the secrets of planting and growing blueberries.
If, blueberries called quite a few different varieties of shrubs.
Highbush blueberry is not low Bush. It reaches a height of 2-4 m. this Occurs shrub from North America. Its berries taste really similar to normal, wild blueberries, except that the hands do not stain and sweeter.
Other blueberries — blueberries ordinary, she’s a low-growing blueberries, swamp. Forms dense thickets of shrubs 40-100 cm in height, on a marshy, swampy areas. Many may also confuse it with blueberries, although the taste, these berries are quite different: blueberry fen berries are larger, oblong, watery, with a light sweet and sour taste, the pulp is greenish, colorless juice.
There is still little known, but quickly gaining popularity view of “blueberry blue”, is also of American origin, from Canada. Thanks to the outstanding properties, simplicity, productivity and a unique frost resistance, experts predict her popularity in the future.
Landing highbush blueberry
Selection and soil preparation
If you want to get maximum harvest and pleasant emotions from blueberry, plot planting needs to be drained, without stagnation of surface waters. The soil should be peat or sand. But on peat soil a lot of nitrogen, it can lead to freezing of plants in winter. Choose a location that is protected from cold winds, Sunny and warm. It is desirable to avoid the close proximity of large trees, shrubs.
If the soil is not conducive to planting blueberries, you can improve it.
- If you have loamy soil, make the planting hole a mixture of sand and peat (1:3).
- If you have acidic peat Deposit in the soil the sand about 2-3 buckets per square meter.
- In soils, scarce organic fertilizers, make phosphorus, nitrogen, potash 1:1:1.
- If the soil is rich in humus, apply the same fertilizer, just take the ratio of potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen of 3:2:1.
After fertilizing, carefully dig.
The main landing is not to overdry the plant. And can be planted in the spring before the buds swell, you can fall.
When planting blueberries need to trim all weak branches, and healthy — trim half the length. After planting pruning young 2-year-old blueberry plant is not needed.
Reproduction highbush blueberry
Cultivars of highbush blueberry are propagated vegetatively to preserve the varietal characteristics of plants. Highbush blueberry is best to propagate stem propagule and layering. Propagules rooted worse than other types of blueberries.
Woody shoots are harvested in the autumn or winter. Wrap and store in the cool. In April, take out stems and cut into propagules of about 20 cm Placed in peat with sand 1:1, several times a week watering. In August, heed film from greenhouses, and in the fall planted in the ground and grown.
Branches, bends and bury in the substrate ( it includes peat, sawdust, a mixture of sand), when the shoots are asleep, need to cover them with a film. From the parent plant the layers are separated in the spring of next year, but this period may be more.
Care of blueberries
Watering, hoeing, mulching
A couple of times a season loosen soil to a depth of about 8 cm, However, beware — frequent tillage can dry your blueberries.
A mulch layer of about 12 cm, preferably softwood sawdust, but the peat and oak leaves can also be used. You can add a small amount of mulch of rotted manure. Replenish the mulch every two or three years.
Very carefully moisten the soil, cover this plant impossible. If the water stagnate for more than 2 days, the plant may die. But it is impossible to desiccate the soil, when the berries ripen and the flowers bloom. This is dangerous because the root system of the blueberry is in the upper layers of the earth.
After planting, after two weeks feed the young blueberry nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer 1:1:2 (preferably sulphate forms). Once fertilized, pour your bush. From the second year of feeding are held in April and June, doubling the dose each year while the plant will not be 6 years old. Organic fertilizer for blueberry is rotted manure. The concentration of this fertilizer depends on the amount of humus in the ground. Organic matter affects the yield and fruit quality.
The types and varieties of blueberries
Blueberries are a very durable plant, very resistant to diseases and pests and has a large shape within species and different varieties. Fruits blueberries already to the 4th year after planting, and live plant about 90 years!
Tall shrub about 3 m tall, frost-resistant. Berries large, 1.5-2.2 cm, sweet with a slight acidity.
- Vaccinium corymbosum Bluecrop
The main industrial grade to the current time. Bush height of about 1.6-2 m with raised branches and large berries size of about 16 mm, sweet, rounded. You can gather 6 to 9 kg of berries per Bush. Begins to ripen in August.
- Vaccinium Nelson
Shrub 1.5-1.8 m, large, dense 18-20 mm. berries Ripen in mid-August.
Valuable because it can grow in waterlogged and acidic soils high in the mountains. But she’s not very strong and has no pronounced taste of berries. But due to the growth in such difficult places, interesting selection, and has a cultural variety “Russian-made”.
- Vaccinium uliginosum varieties of Blue Scattering
Leaves medium-sized, pink flowers. Medium size dark blue berries with a bloom, sour-sweet taste. When the rains do not crack.
These are low, but it gives a big crop of bushes caught the fancy of growers at the expense of hardiness, which is so important in the middle lane.
- Vaccinium angustifolium varieties of North Country