Today on the podium goes Ixia – ornamental perennial native to South Africa. Have you noticed that most exotic plants originate from the tropics? “Jungle fever” is gaining momentum, and this is not surprising. Fragrant tropical flowers deliver us from the routine of everyday life, allow you to dream and think about the beauty of nature… But without a job do not leave, because it require unremitting attention and care that pays off a hundredfold when we see her, sometimes more than a modest cottage, exotic, worthy of the Royal gardens.
Low (30 to 70 cm) tropikanka bulbotuberiferous belongs to the family iridaceae. And in its leafless stems are kolosovidnye inflorescence with flowers in the form of a symmetric stars, shining with rainbow colors (depending on variety).
Blossoms framed with two rows of succulent sword-shaped leaves growing directly from cornelkins. Ixia blooms in late spring or early summer. Blooms a short time (3-4 weeks), but abundant. During flowering she “explodes” with bright fireworks, starry flowers fragrant and exquisite aroma. At night the flowers close – fall asleep to the morning, after the first dew, again to please us with her charming tenderness.
As a true tropikanka, Ixia light-requiring, water-demanding and quite Moody. With a lack of sunlight it can wither, so the responsibility is related to the selection of its domicile. The ideal solution for planting Ixia will be open Sunny glades, located far from the garden trees.
In landscape design Ixia planted as a single group. She looks great in rock gardens, pots, rockeries and rocky. Flowerbeds star tropikanka feature at the edges, where it forms a beautiful border for a flattering entire floral arrangement.
Star tropikanka likes fertile well-drained soil. The site selected for planting Ixia, spread humus (humus) or rotted manure of a ratio 1 bucket per 1 square m of soil. 1 sq m make 50-70 g of superphosphate, 20 g of magnesium and 200-300 g of wood ash. If the soil is heavy, mix in for every square meter on the bucket of river sand.
Ixia can be propagated by dividing the corms, as its roots have a few buds (root buds). This bulbotuber cut into pieces so that each had a kidney (or better – several) and a piece of the tuber with the beginnings of roots. Then the slices are sprinkled with ashes. The holes for the landing divides (or ready purchased globallogic) should be sunk at 4-5 cm, keeping the distance between them is from 3 to 6 cm, depending on plant variety.
Landing by dividing the corms is carried out only in the spring, because the tender root buds divides not able to survive even the warm southern winter. After the spring planting nodules Ixia land lightly mulch: 2-3 cm, not more. Showering immediately is not necessary, the first watering, make warm water in 15-18 days after planting. By the time the star of Tropicana will hatch the first shoots. But keep in mind that during the multiplication of Ixia, the separation of the tuber will flower it is only in the 2nd or 3rd year after planting.
Care for Ixia
If you did everything correctly, Ixia planted in fertile, rich soil fertilizer on the Sunny side of your garden, then all subsequent care is not particularly complicated. During budding and flowering it should be watered abundantly with warm water, and the dry days to spray out of the sprayer, because she loves moisture and your concern and love will reciprocate.
If necessary, remove dead leaves and blossoms, opening up space for new ones. In autumn, the aboveground part of the plant is cut and either dig up the tubers for storage, or left to hibernate in the soil, carefully “wrapped” layer of soil.
The types of Ixia
Quite often gardeners planted a mixture of different varieties of Ixia for creating rainbow songs. And some like certain types of any one color. Beautiful South Africa is causing a rapid flight of fancy, and how would you neither planted, it will look all fine. Generally, in nature, there are more than 20 species of Ixia, and many hybrids and varieties, but the most favorite of our gardeners the following.
- Hymenocallis festalis
Hymenocallis festalis Ixia incredibly decorative, as you can see in the photo. Her snow-white flowers with curved petals are arranged in spike-like inflorescences up to 70 cm. This species of Ixia has a tart sweet scent that attracts huge number of butterflies. When in the garden bloom is such a miracle, it becomes like a fairy tale.
- Ixia viridiflora
Ixia viridiflora has small flowers-sprocket flat pale greenish hue. Against a dark, almost black throat, petals of her flowers look vulnerable and touching. Blooms in early June, the lush spike-like inflorescences up to 50 cm.
- Ixia hybrida
A view of Ixia hybrida features a number of fine varieties with inflorescence of cream, yellow, pink, white, light purple and blue-white color. The growth in the range of 35-50 cm, depending on variety.
- Ixia maculata
Ixia maculata, up to 50 cm, has a widely open flowers with the petals rounded. Against a dark edged light bake of the throat mottled petals Ixia look very exotic. Its lanceolate succulent leaves grow abundantly, gracefully framing the peduncle.
- Ixia orange
Ixia orange is a dwarf species of plants and is not above 20 cm, Blooms very richly orange flowers with dark red in the center.
Here are the beautiful stars, the plants you can grow at his dacha. By the way, the word Ixia (ixios — bird glue) is of Greek origin, due to the stickiness of the juice of the plant. Under natural conditions in tropical Africa, the sticky juice of Ixia brings a lot of inconvenience hummingbirds love these flowers for their astringent taste