With the onset of spring lilac is pleasing to the eye in large racemose or paniculate flowers, emitting a strong, pleasant smell.
Yes, and the Bush is very lush green color to the cold weather retains its foliage. I always leaves of lilac, drop. The timing of the flowering of this shrub-dependent species. I’m growing the common lilac, and the beginning of its flowering occurs in late May — early June.
Planting of Lilac
Soil and site selection for lilac
Lilacs are very easy to fit, any extra effort is not required.
- The soil approaches neutral. If the soil is acidic, then it has to be treated with lime or dolomite flour. This should be done every 3 years.
- Groundwater should take place at a depth of not less than 1.5 m, as for most plants and shrubs.
- It is advisable to opt for lilac Sunny place, smooth or with a slight slope. However, partial shade plant also tolerates but blooms much more abundant still in the sun. If the place is blown by cold winds, it makes sense to choose a place with less cold air.
- Lilac is good because in the winter it is not necessary to hide, as it is very hardy. On the simplicity of lilac speaks to the fact that it can grow on mountain slopes where soil is heavy and strong winds blow.
- Wetland and moist soil for lilac contraindicated also not recommended to it clay soil.
When to plant lilac
Plant the lilac are best in late August — early September. Before the cold weather there is still time to plant had taken root, and lilac, in this period of time is relaxed from flowering and vegetation condition.
Increased timeliness of planting can serve as foliage. If the leaves are crumbled — you were late with planting. If you planted a lilac late, and soon the cold you need to mulch tree trunks. This can be done with sawdust, peat, leaves. It will save you from the rapid freezing of the soil. With the onset of spring the mulch is removed, so as not to delay the thawing of the earth.
If you have already dug out a lilac, but it’s frosty, bury lilac in an inclined state according to the type of fruit-trees and in this state leave it until spring. In this case prepare the pits for spring planting from the fall, because the earlier in spring you plant the lilac, the faster it will take root. A mandatory condition is that you have to land before the buds swell, otherwise there is a risk of death of the plant.
Landing in the pit
Usually the seedlings of lilacs planted in the ground to a depth where the root collar is at soil level. The exceptions are cultivars grafted on common lilac. In this case, the root collar should be above ground level at 2-3 cm to reduce or prevent the growth of lilac, which appears from the stalk.
Pits with good fertile land make 50×50 cm Directly when planting prepare the soil mix by adding organic fertilizers and wood ash. For the best survival you can plant lilacs in the evening, when it will be cooler.
Buy lilac seedlings with closed root system, in this case there will be problems with planting and care. Seedlings with open root system — is not a sentence, but they are worse than root, and will require more care.
Lilacs — a very undemanding plant. General guidelines for care are the same as for most flowering shrubs.
After planting, liberally pour over mulch and soil, then watered as the drying of the soil. Grows well and blooms lilac with adequate moisture.
In may-June water more abundantly, because the plant starts to bloom and requires more moisture. But it is impossible to pour.
From mid-July the lilacs are already not watered, so as not to provoke the awakening of the kidneys.
Fertilizer and top dressing for lilacs
If planting in the planting hole you have made sufficient amount of fertilizer, then about 3 years to fertilize the soil if the plant does not need.
Further your feeding will be in the application of organic (manure, poultry manure, compost manure) and mineral fertilizers (phosphorus and potassium in August every 2-3 years, the ammoniac nitrate, when the snow falls).
When the plant is gaining strength and is actively growing, you can spray on leaves mineral fertilizers.
- The faded brush must be pruned immediately after flowering, which is due to the fact that flower buds are formed the summer shoots. If you cut the faded blossoms fall, next spring a lilac will not bloom.
- If the siren requires sanitary trimming, then it doesn’t matter what time of the year to spend it, but better in the spring.
- To update the adult lilac old branches to the new, do it gradually, cutting out 1-2 old branches in the spring.
- Many gardeners make pruning lilacs cultural. To do this, leave the main 6 or more branches at some distance from each other to give the Bush is spreading, and all the other cut are the same as those to the inside of the Bush, cut out altogether. It gives shape and beautiful appearance when flowering. It is desirable to carry out such pruning every spring before the buds swell.
Varietal garden lilacs propagated from cuttings, layering, grafting.
During the multiplication of layering for the fall, you will already have a good annual seedling ready for transplanting. To do this near lilac furrow horizontally, the branches need to bend to the ground and secure. And from the kidneys of escape will develop cuttings. The mother plant will retain its decorative properties.Me personally, this method seems to be less time-consuming than green cuttings. But not all types of lilacs multiply.
If you still want to propagate from cuttings, take semilignified well-developed shoots in the summer (June — beginning of July), shanks takes the middle part of the shoots.
From seeds to grow rootstocks and for them to be vaccinated. Gathering seeds is October. Can be sown in the autumn, after you pour them out of the boxes and let them dry. To do this, prepare in advance for the seed flowerbeds buried with the first snow in pomershie the flowerbed, buried 1.5 cm in Spring can swoop down and ready to grow seedlings.
You can plant the seeds in spring, but this will require stratification (prolonged exposure of seeds at low temperature). Somewhere in mid-March, seeds are sown in boxes with steamed earth. Different types of lilac seed germination is different, the common lilac seeds germinate in 12-15 day, and, for example, the Amurensis 2-3 months. After the formation of the 4 leaves on a seedling seedlings dive at a distance of 4 cm from each other.
In may, the seedlings planted in a permanent place in the garden. Seedlings for autumn planting less preferred due to their freezing in the winter.
For grafting it is possible to take a stock of the common lilac, Privet or Hungarian lilac. The rootstock make the oblique cut, also make the cut for a selected cutting (oblique cut at an angle of 45°). The Scion tightly attach to Bodvou cut and tie the ropes. This method is called copulation, it is the most simple among the methods of grafting. Siren is also great to be grafted on the Privet.
The types of Lilac
Today in the culture of many species is not only natural, but also of hybrid origin. Therefore, the number of species of lilacs growing rapidly.
While in the gardens of the more common lilac (Syringa vulgaris), of which there are about 500 different varieties. The flowers are very fragrant, colors — all shades of purple, white color. Generates a large number of seedlings, after planting bloom in 4 years.
- Lilac varieties of Primrose
The only sort of lilac with yellow flowers. Yellow tint only in the beginning of flowering, by the end he becomes closer to white.
Many types of lilacs are varieties with double flowers. Double flowers “double”: first tube with four petals growing one like this. If the second tube is less than the petals, lilacs called half terry.
- Lilac Terry varieties Taras Bulba
Late variety, flowering in the third week of may. The flowers are large, tender, at first dark purple, the end of flowering fade and change shade.
- Lilac double varieties Monique Lemoine
The flowers are snow-white, very large, about 3 cm in diameter, thick and plush, fragrance weak. Buds unusual creamy-green shade.
Very resistant to any adverse conditions siren, she fears neither drought nor waterlogging or frost. Blooms for a couple of weeks later than normal lilacs. Flowers on long stalks-tubes, petals acute, brush inflorescences tiered, up to 30 cm.
The Amur lilac bushes reach 10 m in height. The leaves do not differ from the usual lilac, the flowers are small, dense, shade from white to cream, very strong flavor. Resistant to temperature changes in a very wide range, but does not like poor soil. Blooms later, in late July, about 2 weeks.
There are many types of hybrid lilacs, formed by natural or artificial hybridization of different natural species of lilac (“hybrid race”). These include Persian, and other heterophyllous species of lilacs. Many hybrids have qualities superior to parents: grow faster, do not give root seedlings, early bloom.
- Syringa persica
Bush is not above 3 m, inflorescence a dense, thick, the flowers smaller than the common lilac, very fragrant. Quite sensitive to low temperatures. Blooms later than common lilac, long and richly.