Bitter pepper-not the most popular plant in the gardens. Apparently, our cuisine is not too acute, and the need for growing this spicy vegetable is limited to one or two bushes. And in vain, because in addition to taste and benefits of the plant is still very effective appearance and a lot of other advantages.
In nature, there are many types of red pepper. One of the most intricate forms is a bell that reminds someone of a mushroom, a pumpkin, a Patisson and even a UFO. The taste of it is also special: at the bottom a little sour, fruity, and closer to the stalk — sharp. All varieties and hybrids created on the basis of the pepper berries. The species differs from others not only fruit, but also the size, the nature of Bush height reaches 3-4 m. In culture it behaves more curb, so it can be grown as a houseplant.
In greenhouses and in the ground, it is important not to overdo it with nitrogen fertilizing, otherwise the green giant will grow without flowers and fruits. It is important to take into account the period of vegetation — from germination to biological maturity takes from 150 to 200 days, so the pepper seedlings should be sown quite early.
Today, the market has some new products:
- Variety ‘Vizier’ is suitable for cultivation in the open ground and under film shelters. The plant is semi-spreading, high. Glossy fruits are chalm-shaped, light green, later-light red (25-30 g). Yield when grown under film shelters to 3 kg/m².
- Pepper ‘Sharp tongue’ – early maturing hybrid, valued for sharp, fragrant flesh with a high content of vitamins, minerals and mineral salts. Sowing on the seedlings in late February-early March.
- Pepper ‘F1 Currant’ will surprise you with a flavor of black currant that is enhanced by cleavage of the fetus. Shrub up to 1 m, can be grown in the garden and on the balcony or patio.
- In the variety ‘Campanula’ the fruit is larger (70-90 g). In the phase of technical ripeness greenish-white, in the biological-bright red. Taste of the Peninsula. Yields under film covers 4-5, 5 kg / m², but grows well in the open field.
- Pepper ‘F1 Spicy Bell’ prefers light, loose, rich in organic matter soil. In the open ground planted after the return of frost. Fruits in the initial stage are painted green, later become red (weight 60-100 g). The taste is spicy – from spicy to sweet with sourness. These bells will decorate the table and give the dishes a moderate sharpness. The height of the plant reaches 1.5 m.
- ‘F1 Flying moth’ – medium hybrid for open ground and film shelters. Bush height of 60-80 cm bears fruit for a long time and abundantly, both in the room and on the balconies and in the open ground. Small fruits (30-40 g), bright green, and later-yellow — orange with a sharp taste.
- Pepper ‘F1 Double abundance’ in the open ground forms only one tier of fruit, and in greenhouses — up to five. In dried form persist for several seasons without losing commodity and palatability.
- Completes hit parade pepper-tree – ‘F1 octopus new Year’. This mid-late hybrid for greenhouses and front gardens. In greenhouses (with intensive feeding, abundance of heat and light) its height reaches 3-5 m. It is characterized by abundant fruiting (on the branches simultaneously ripens to 300-500 red “bells” weighing 20-25 g and medium-sharp taste). Hybrid is decorative and resistant to diseases.
Important: varieties of bitter pepper are distinguished by the degree of sharpness, among them are very sharp, sharp, Peninsula, weak, spicy. When growing this crop, it is important to remember that the sharpness of the fruit depends not only on the variety, but also on the illumination. To obtain hot peppers plants require maximum lighting. Note: when cross-pollination if planted close to hot peppers and sweet — the latter may become acute.