Often summer residents bitterly regret that they have such small plots. Plans and forces are many, but the land is small, so it is not possible to grow all the desired.
If you learn to remove 3-4 crops from one bed, you can eat vegetables from early spring to late autumn and not complicate your life by planting together. In the South, you can cover the beds with plants from April to October, and with a film or spunbond — from March to November. At the same time, cabbage, salads, parsley, coriander and leeks can winter freely under the film and even continue to grow quietly.
It’s a sin not to use it! Without the film, in a cold spring, you can easily grow radishes and watercress on one bed, then lettuce, and then carrots; later, tomatoes will grow in the center, and peppers on the sides; in July, Peking cabbage will settle in vacant places; at the end of September, after clearing the bed, you can grow more radishes and greens, and in the winter — sow lettuce for an early spring harvest.
If we classify plants according to the length of vegetation and the timing of sowing and place them approximately along our garden year, you will get a fairly clear picture. It will be seen how best to fill the garden season with vegetables. Data for classification is taken from the book “Vegetable crops”by Tony Biggs.
Sown early-vegetate for a long time
Late cabbage-200 days; Brassica oleracea var. capitata f. rubra-180; Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera-180; Brassica oleracea var. sabauda-130-150; broccoli (long cut) – 100-160; leeks-180 days; Brassica oleracea var. botrytis-160-180; Jerusalem artichoke-150; Scorzonera-dig until winter; parsnip-150-180 (can winter in the garden).
They occupy the garden all the time
Parsley, perennial onions; sorrel, rhubarb, lovage, mint, tarragon.
Sown early-vegetate quickly
Salad-40-50 days; Peking cabbage-50; radish-20-30; cress-20; Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes-60-70; coriander-40.
Sown late-vegetate for a long time
Tomatoes, cucumbers, string beans, peppers, eggplants, pumpkins, zucchini, squash, broccoli, sweet corn — 140 days; about the same time — cichorium intybus for winter distillation, Vigna, white cucumber, sweet potatoes, Momordica, chayot and other delicious vegetables.
Ripen in time, sown in early September and later
Radish-30-40 days; lettuce – for spring; Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group-60; Peking cabbage-50; coriander-40.
Under the film they have time to Mature
Lettuce, chard, spinach, lettuce chicory, endive, shallots, carrots, potatoes.
Sown early-removed in summer
Carrots-100 days of vegetation; turnips-60; broccoli-100; Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group — 70-90 (late varieties); peas — 90; spinach — 60-90; shallots-120; dill — 100; early cabbage — 110; endive — 90; potatoes — 60-120.
Sown later-ready in summer
Soy — 100 days of vegetation; Bush beans-70-90; beets-110, onions — 120. Spices: coriander, Basil, hyssop, Catnip, dill, celery.
Sown in summer
Lettuce chicory, radish, daikon-100 days of vegetation; parsnips in winter-150; Chinese cabbage-80; potatoes for the second term are planted in late August, maturing by mid-November.
You can sow from spring to the end of July
Cucumbers, zucchini and squash, carrots, beets, salads, Bush beans, Peking cabbage, turnips, rutabagas, spinach, early cauliflower and broccoli, Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group, peas, chard, soy, endive, spices.
Having learned to combine, smart gardeners no longer imagine a garden with only one vegetable. This is nonsense for them!
The most energy — saving thing is predictability. If you develop your own schemes of vegetable container in the garden, taking into account food preferences, you will save not only the area of the garden, but also your labor costs.