If your garden in early June, already colored with all colors of the rainbow, then you have a growing sparaxis – elegant tropical plant native to South Africa. Its delicate flowers with a diameter up to 6 cm edged with narrow leaves and resemble a continuous ornament in Arabic script. But, like all tropical plants, sparaxis quite fussy. Likes warm Sunny places and absolutely does not tolerate even the slightest frost.
Sparaxis belongs to the bulbotuberiferous perennial plants of the family iridaceae. Its decorative star-shaped or funnel-shaped flowers bloom in late may and ennoble the end of June. Rainbow Tropicana low. Along the banks of tropical rivers and lakes it is capable of sprouting a meter. It can be from 15 to 60 cm tall, that does not diminish its decorative value.
Planted sparaxis usually a group of 80-100 copies, organizing iridescent glade in the garden. In combination with other plants it is placed in the foreground, because it is very beautiful, petite, and doesn’t block him taller plants. Perfect for planting in rock gardens, pots and hanging containers.
Storage of corms of sparaxis are the same as for the other tubers of bulbous perennials. Closer to spring, the nodules add heat, increasing the temperature to 25-27 °C. In the beginning of may, planted in open ground, buried hole of 5-6 cm and having them quite close together: 4×4 cm for low-growing plants or 10×10 cm for the higher. If you are planting corms of sparaxis after winter storage in April or may, it will bloom only in early August.
In warm regions the manipulation of digging and storing tubers can produce. Enough for the winter cover cropped plant with a layer of fallen leaves or peat of a thickness of 5-7 cm in Early spring, clear the ground from the mulch layer, sprinkle on a little of the soil humus layer of 1-2 cm and slightly moisten the earth. This is quite enough for successful germination of rainbow Tropicana.
The place of residence of sparaxis should be open, but windless. They like loamy and well-drained nutritious soil. Some gardeners planted corms of the autumn sparaxis, highly recessed holes (10-12 cm) and mulching the soil with peat or humus.
But if you want to see the winter flowering dekorativni in the apartment, to drop off corms of sparaxis in small (2-3 liter) pots for 3-4 nodule in each. Pour and put on the windowsill to prevent drafts. 3-4 months after planting, you can enjoy the amazing tropical flowers. You can propagate sparaxis and separation of the corms from the parent tuber of the adult plant. But in this case it will only bloom for 2 or 3 years after planting.
Also sparaxis propagated by seeds. But sow them in the open ground is not recommended. It is better to germinate seeds in a closed warm and humid environment in the wide boxes with a height of 7-10 cm In such conditions, seeds germinate abundantly. Therefore, after the emergence of the first seedlings should be thinned with a frequency of 2×2 cm, to wait until they gain strength and grow up to 5-8 cm, then it is possible to plant seedlings in open ground.
In the summer, especially in dry days, sparaxis needs regular and abundant watering. Once a month, feed the plant with a solution of mineral fertilizers at the rate of 15-20 g per 10 liters of water. In the hot days will not damage the spraying, but be sure to warm water, early morning or late evening to avoid “burn” plants. Wilted stems and damaged leaves should be removed as necessary. Here, in General, and all the care.
The types and varieties of sparaxis
Sparaxis consists of six species and dozens of cultivars. The most common and loved by gardeners the types of sparaxis the following:
Sparaxis tricolor, up to 50 cm is the most common type. You’ll be graceful flat flowers of various shades with bright, contrasting middle. The floral stem has the same length with sword-shaped leaves, gracefully framing the peduncle. It has many ornamental varieties and sold the mixture.
Sparaxis fragransgrandiflora the most strongest of all other types of plants. Remnevidnye has succulent leaves, beautifully framing the long stems with large flowers: white, purple, yellow or white-yellow. The sort of “Striped”, for example, has orange flowers with bright yellow center. The sort of “Elegants” – purple-yellow flowers with dark, almost black center. Sparaxis fragransgrandiflora is sometimes referred to as scented for his amazing aroma.
Sparaxis bulbifera represented by numerous varieties, which have a strong upright stems, quite often highly branched. This type of plant, the only one that prefers calcareous and sandy soil and has in most varieties of white flowers, rarely yellow or yellow-white.
Requires a lot of attention, however – like any other tropical plant. But this concern pays off many times when sparaxis enters a time of flowering. From bright bursts of outlandish colors sometimes breathtaking, it’s so beautiful…