In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

Traditionally, the title of Queen of the garden belongs to the rose. But when the first wave of rosebush blooms passes, the lilies begin to bloom, and then my priorities lose their stability, making various movements relative to each other: from roses to lilies and back. And I’m lost, I can’t choose who’s better.

Lily is not called “simple”, it is not attributed to “modest charm”. This plant clearly illustrates the beauty of graphics and perfection of form. This is a perfect exception to the well – known rule: “Symmetry is the enemy of beauty.”

Strict flower pattern, density of perianth lobes, a diverse palette of colors, many species and hybrids have excellent winter hardiness and a strong pleasant smell – these signs and advantages multiply the army of admirers, lovers and collectors of this wonderful plant every year.

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

Classification of lilies in the second half of the XX century, interpreted and reviewed. There have been no significant changes since the publication of the International garden classification of lilies in 1962, taking into account the refinements and additions adopted in 1991 and 1997. Species and hybrids of lilies are still divided into 9 sections. Representatives of some groups can be found mainly in the gardens of collectors, some do not tolerate the harsh climate of the middle zone. If you do not take into account the collection preferences, in the gardens of flower growers live, as a rule, the same common hybrids. Let’s get to know the most popular ones.

The Asiatic Hybrids

These include the most unpretentious, winter-hardy plants. The flowers of these lilies are odorless and have a wide range of colors. “Asians” are United in variety groups according to the color and painting of the petals: brushmark, polychrome (two – and three-color), tango (with a thick contrasting speck), Connecticut (non-speckled).

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In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

If the perianth lobes (“petals”) of varieties are decorated with strokes – this is a brushmark (‘Delta’, ‘Loretto’, ‘Baja’).

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

In some varieties, they are marked with hatching (‘Centerfold’), have a polychrome – two – or three — color-color (‘Corrida’, ‘Tinos’,‘Gran Cru’, ‘Vermeer’), a thick speck (‘Apricot Pixel’, ‘Tropical Breeze’, ‘White Pixels’, ‘Wizard’).

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

Depending on the variety, Asian hybrids have a turban-shaped (‘Citronella’), star-shaped (‘Aelita’), Cup-shaped (‘Paola’) flower shape.

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

Rare specks, elegant turban-shaped flower, high growth distinguishes the group of lilies Lilium lancifolium, represented by varieties ‘Sweet Surrender’, ‘Pink Giant’, ’King Pete‘, ’Red Tiger‘, ’Salmon Tiger‘, ’White Tiger’.

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

The palette of shades is very wide:

  • pure white with a greenish core in ‘Apollo’, ‘Sorpresa’, ‘Pulsar’;

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

  • yellow, various shades of ‘Golden Flame’, with a delicate speck at the base – ‘Gironde’;

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

  • pure orange in ‘Klaas De Jond’;
  • tangerine-red with fiery reflections at ‘Saidja’;

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

  • deep pink with hints of purple in ‘Paola’;

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

  • red with purple and dark speckles in the middle of ‘Marrakech’;
  • dark red, purple for ‘Black Out’;

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

  • the darkest color of the “magic” black and purple ‘Landini’.

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

In this group, there are several varieties with double flowers. They are not very popular among gardeners, because with an increase in the number of” petals ” the ideal shape is lost, the flower looks sloppy, shaggy (‘Ceres’, ‘Elodie’, ‘Aphrodite’, ‘Fata Morgana’ and others).

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

Amazing and unusual Lily ‘Marlen’, varietal feature of which is often appearing fasciation, ie, the fusion of several stems into one flattened, and accordingly, an unusual flowering.

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

Asiatic hybrids are easily propagated subsidiary bulblets, scales, bulbectomy (‘Aelita’, ‘Accent’, ‘the Firebird’ and others). They are undemanding to the soil, prefer loose slightly acidic or neutral. Location-Sunny or partial shade.

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The Trumpet Hybrids

These lilies have beautiful large flowers of exquisite shape – ‘African Queen’, ‘Golden Splendor’, ’Pink Perfection‘, ’Copper King’.

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

A common and beautiful type of tubular lilies is the snow-white, cherry-budded species Lilium regale.

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

Plants are quite hardy, but not as unpretentious as, for example, Asian hybrids. They suffer from waterlogging, from late spring frosts, so they require special care techniques: shelter in the fall from precipitation; protection from spring frosts, which can disrupt further flowering.

The best soil is clay, clay-gravelly, with the addition of sand. Acidic soil must be limed or wood ash must be added to it. For a successful winter planting should be covered with spruce branches or foliage.

The Oriental Hybrids

They combine the most beautiful and refined varieties that please diligent gardeners not only with a beautiful smell, but also with wonderful colors. According to the shape of the flower, Eastern hybrids are divided into 4 groups: tubular, Cup-shaped, flat, and turban-shaped. In this group — as well as among Asian women-there are not only two -, but also three-colored lilies.

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

Very elegant varieties of various colors, each with its own “zest”:

  • with a thick pink color of the petals, bordered by a contrasting white stripe, with thick crimson outgrowths, which are often called by the medical term “papillomas” – ‘Stargaser’, ‘Starfighter’;

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

  • dark crimson with white border ‘Kissproof’, ‘Lamaster’,’ Maru’,
  • crimson with white tips ‘Sumatra’,

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

  • varieties with pure color flowers – dark pink ‘Arabian Red’,

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

  • lighter with wavy petals – ‘Acapulco’,

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

  • rich red-purple ‘Montezuma’,
  • raspberry with yellow throat ‘Barbaresco’,
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In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

  • pale pink with yellow throat ‘Pink Mistery’, ‘ Borneo’, ‘Buenos Aires’,
  • white and pink varieties ‘Muscadet’, ‘Brasilia’, ‘ Emmely’,
  • white and pink with yellow accents ‘Arena’,’ Rosy Dawn’,

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

  • white with yellow stripe ‘Gaudy’, ‘Aubage’,
  • finally, pure white, very tender varieties ‘Alma-Ata’, ‘Casa Blanca’,’ Montrachet’, ‘Siberia’,.

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

All of them, in addition, differ in the texture of the petals, the shape of the flower, and the timing of flowering.

Among the varieties of this group there are the so-called border, or pot (pot, or dwarf) – small lilies that have all the advantages of tall plants, perfectly developing in containers. This is, for example, ‘Souvenir’, ‘Sombrero’, ‘Miracle’.

In The Kingdom Of Lilies: Features Of Asian, Eastern And Tubular Hybrids

In fairness, I will say that potted varieties are b among Asian, and among LA-hybrids.

Orientals are not easy to care for, they are susceptible to viral and fungal diseases. Capricious beauties should be protected in the fall from excessive precipitation, and in the spring from late frosts. These lilies prefer a well-drained place with loose acidic soil.

Grow quite slowly, in one place they should not be kept more than 4-6 years. Eastern lilies can be planted in the rose garden, sheltering for the winter with roses.

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