Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds

Today I propose to focus on the technology of sowing small seeds.

What seeds are considered to be small

To small include seeds, which in 1 g there are from 1000 to 10,000 pieces, more-it is the smallest seeds.

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Seeds of ageratum

For example, in 1 g there are seeds:

  • the ageratum — 6000-7000 pieces;
  • Calceolaria-about 60000 pieces;
  • Lobularia-30000-50000 pieces;
  • Agrostemma-1500 pieces;
  • Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum-about 80,000 pieces.

Features of sowing small seeds

I will describe a few ways, and you choose the right one.

Method 1

Sow surface: on a damp soil substrate in some container (pot, food container), cover with glass (lid) and put in a bright place at an appropriate temperature:

At a temperature of +10 °C…+16 °C:

  • Erigeron;

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Seeds of small pest

  • Althaea;
  • Alyssum.

At a temperature of +13 °C…+16 °C:

  • Digitalis;

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Foxglove seeds

  • Antirrhinum;
  • Phuopsis.

At a temperature of +13 °C…+18 °C:

  • Astilbe;
  • Doronicum;
  • Laurentia;
  • Coreopsis;

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Coreopsis seeds

  • Lysimachia;
  • Papaver;
  • Pagoda;
  • Thymus.

At a temperature of +16 °C…+21 °C:

  • Asarina;
  • Aubrieta or directly into the ground;
  • Campanula;
  • Alcea;

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Alcea Seeds

  • Codonopsis;
  • Heuchera;
  • Ocimum;

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Basil seeds

  • Osteospermum;
  • Matricaria;
  • Melissa;
  • Veronica;

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Veronica’s seeds in a flask

  • Veronicastrum;
  • Reseda.

At a temperature of +18 °C…+21 °C:

  • Calceolaria;

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Seeds Of Calceolaria

  • Hesperis;
  • Platycodon;

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Platycodon Seeds

  • Sempervivum.

At a temperature of +18 °C…+24 °C:

  • Lobelia еrinus;

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Lobelia еrinus

  • Senecio.

At a temperature of +21 °C…+24 °C:

  • Impatiens;

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Impatiens Seeds

  • Nicotiana.
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Method 2

Stratification, sow surface, put in a bright place at a specified temperature:

After 2 weeks of stratification, at +16 °C…+21 °C:

  • Lychnis.

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Lychnis Seeds

After 3 weeks of stratification:

  • at +10 °C…+16 °C-Globularia and Trollius;
  • at +18 °C…+21 °C Mimulus;

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Mimulus Seeds

  • at +16+21°C-Dodecatheon.

After 4 weeks of stratification, at +13 °C…+18 °C:

  • Astrantia.

After 13 weeks of stratification, at +18 °C…+21 °C:

  • Saponaria.

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
The Seeds Of Saponaria

Cool, if after 3 months of germination of seeds did not occur, and again germinate:

  • at +18 °C…+21 °C-Aquilegia;
  • at +16 °C…+18 °C-Helianthemum.

Method 3

In the spring, after stratification, we sow in the open ground almost surface or nests:

  • Aconitum;
  • Aruncus;
  • Eryngium;
  • Lewisia;
  • Primula;
  • Sedum;
  • Tiarella.

Method 4

We sow in the open ground in the spring, without stratification. We sow almost superficially, barely covering the seeds with soil or sand, on a pre-prepared bed or nests:

  • Agrostemm;
  • Amaranthus;
  • Viscaria;
  • Nemesia;
  • Matthiola and others.

How to sow

It turns out that small seeds can be sown superficially in different ways:

With folded paper

A small sheet of paper (only not very thin, an ordinary copier is suitable) put the widow. Carefully pour the seeds on the sheet.

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Sown with the seeds of Heliotropium paper

Try not to touch the seeds with your hands, so they do not stick to the palm.

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
So it is possible to sow small seeds Plectranthus scutellarioides

You can use a pencil — his pointed pencil piece to send seeds to the substrate.

Using snow and pipette

In those regions where there is still snow, you can use a good opportunity — to take it as an assistant.

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Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
So you can sow small seeds Nicotiana

On a pre-prepared moist soil substrate (in a pot or food container) pour a layer of snow, compacted it. Seeds from a bag pour on a saucer, pour a little water there. Suspension ready, grab a pipette and point spread the seeds on the snow surface. Later, melt water, absorbed into the soil, will entice the seeds. Crops cover with glass or put on a container plastic bag, but not very tight! Remember: seeds need fresh air to germinate so they do not moldy.

With the help of improvised devices

The essence is to sow dry seeds through small holes that are in the lid of the salt shaker, syringe and so on. You can make such a device, for example from a small container in which small seeds are sold. The process is simple: heat the awl, carefully make the lid one or more (as you prefer) small holes.

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
So you can sow small seeds of verbena

If the seeds in the container are not prepared for sowing, you can treat them with potassium permanganate (disinfection) and growth stimulants (e.g. humates).

With sand and a special seeder

This method can be used not only for surface sowing of small seeds in the tank, but also in open ground; especially good for sowing a large number of seeds.

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
With the help of a special seeder, in which small seeds are mixed with sand, you can sow Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum

The essence of this method of sowing is that the seeds are mixed with pure sand sifted in a ratio of 1:4. Then sow with a special seeder or pinch, as if salted food.

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Features of sowing small seeds of wood plants

Among both grassy and woody plants there are species with very small seeds:

  • Salix;
  • Tamarix;
  • Populus;
  • Sorbaria and others.

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
The Seeds Of Tamarix

They very quickly (within 30 minutes) swell and, sown superficially in a container, a box, under glass, in wet conditions, at a temperature of +17 °C…+20 °C, germinate after 5-10 hours. If necessary (because all these crops are perfectly propagated vegetatively), freshly harvested in may-June seeds are sown immediately. Watering is carried out from the spray. Seedlings do not touch 1-2 years, as they grow slowly.

Swell for 1-2 h, germinate in 2-6 days seeds:

  • Buddleja;
  • Deutzia;
  • Sorbaria;
  • Spiraea;
  • Philadelphia.

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Buddleja Seeds

In the spring, in March-April, they are surface sown in boxes, under glass. Shoots to make a shade frames with stretched burlap. Annual seedlings in April-may can already be planted in the open ground.

Rhododendrons also have small seeds.

Some Features of Sowing Small Seeds
Rhododendron seed

Sow them better in the winter, in boxes or pots, surface, under glass or film. At a temperature of +10 °C…+15 °C shoots appear after 1-2 days; watering from the spray with soft water.

That’s all wisdom. Now, after reading the theory, in practice you can easily cope with the sowing of the smallest seeds.

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