Here, too, there are nuances. Novice rose growers who do not yet have their own experience, usually try to adhere to the recommendations contained in other manuals on rose growing. However, some of them are not always justified. Write about the need for regular and fairly frequent watering of roses, almost 1 time in 3 days.
It should be recalled that the rose grows quietly in its natural habitats even if there is a lack of precipitation. Thanks to its long roots, it is able to extract water from fairly deep soil horizons. In addition, in the course of evolution, roses have developed protective mechanisms in case of prolonged drought.
In many varieties, the leaf plate is covered with a glossy waxy coating, which prevents transpiration. And thorns are nothing more than protection from moisture evaporation. Therefore, you do not need to water the roses every now and then.
In addition, it is almost impossible to wet the entire soil horizon where the roots lie. And by watering little by little, we somehow stimulate the formation of new roots at a small depth, which leads to their freezing and death of the plant in winter. Therefore, roses should often be watered only in hot dry summers in case of a long absence of precipitation. Otherwise, they will have enough rain. Watching the roses, you will notice when you need moisture: the leaves will turn yellow and fall off on the Bush.
For irrigation, you need to use not cold well or tap chlorinated water, but the one that has settled in barrels. We pour strictly under the root, and not from above, otherwise we will not avoid diseases.
If you have a large collection of roses, watering cans can not be properly watered. After all, for full-fledged watering for each adult rose Bush, you will need at least a couple of buckets of water. In order not to erode the roots of plants, it is best to get a special submersible barrel pump, which gives a soft stream.
A small clarification: all of the above applies to Mature plants. Roses of the first year of planting should be watered often enough for the successful formation of the root system.
Pest and disease control
There are enough people who want to profit from our expense in the garden. And the rose is the favorite object of molestation by aphids, Melolontha, Cetoniinae, Arge ochropus, Tortricidae, Curculionidae, Tetranychidae, and so on. Here you can not relax, you need to be on your guard and at the first signs of intervention to give an immediate rebuff. In the garden of rosewod first aid kit should always be drugs to combat a wide range of pests.
In the spring, after the main agricultural activities, one of these drugs is better to do preventive spraying. When aphids appear, they can be washed off with a strong stream of cold water from a hose. It is noticed that she is not able to climb back to the Bush. If he persists, use heavy artillery in the form of contact or systemic insecticides.
Aphids are carried around the garden by ants that feast on its sweet secretions, so they also need to be uncompromisingly fought. And take care of the ladybirds — our helpers who feed on aphids.
Now the market offers environmental options for the control of insect pests, including tobacco, coal tar and mustard soap. If you are not a big fan of chemistry, then stock up on these easy-to-use bottles of liquid products. At the first signs of pest infestation, the drug is easy to pour in the required concentration into a hand sprayer and immediately treat the plants.
Prevention should also be carried out in relation to diseases, primarily against black spot and powdery mildew. However, by planting disease-resistant varieties and observing all necessary agrotechnical measures (removing and burning fallen sick leaves, moderate feeding, proper watering at the root, not on the leaves, weeding weeds), you will reduce the risk of diseases to a minimum. Your roses will be full of health and beauty all season long.
If you still have diseases, you should use fungicides. Regular weekly spraying with a weak infusion of mullein (1:20) helps effectively.
These are the basics of caring for roses. I admit that someone does something different, but, as you know, practice is the criterion of truth, and my successful long-term experience in maintaining a rose garden gives me reason to share it with other rose lovers.