The more diverse the community, the more stable it is. In a diverse environment, it is difficult for pests to work: it is harder to find your plant, a lot of unpleasant and frightening odors, a lot of enemies. However, the plants themselves strongly affect each other: they shade, produce aggressive volatile substances and root secretions.
Some plants stimulate the growth of grapes, while others suppress them regardless of their size and with a guaranteed excess of food and water. It is already a proven fact that plants actively communicate chemically and by means of electromagnetic signals. There is even a science about it — allelopathy. However, it contains such a mass of data, and often contradictory, that it is difficult to apply anything in the case.
How neighbors in the garden affect each other
1. Don’t get along:
- plants of the same height if planted very closely;
- representatives of the same family, i.e. relatives.
This is natural: you want the same thing, and similar things are thrown out. People have the same thing: often relatives are the worst friends. Especially strongly quarrel with each other umbrella. Only carrots are very loyal.
2. Oppress all without exception fennel and wormwood.
3. Onions and garlic are aggressive towards legumes and cabbage.
4. Carrots, beets, cucumbers, tomatoes are basically all the same.
5. Lettuce and spinach secrete substances that activate the roots of other plants, and darken the soil. Common helpers and breadwinners!
6. Protect all from pests beans, parsley and herbs from the family Lamiaceae. And also-decorating the garden with spicy flowers. Onion and garlic contain fungal diseases.
7. Corn, Jerusalem artichoke, sorghum and millet shade everyone, protect from the wind and create a good microclimate. Sunflower, on the contrary, to many vegetables can show aggression, and it is better to move it to the edges of the garden.
Good at helping each other resist pests. These crops can be placed in adjacent rows.
- Carrots and onions protect each other from carrot and Napomyza gymnostoma.
- Celery scares the Pieridae away from various cabbages. It is planted between cabbages, and it grows after they are removed.
- Cucumbers and dill perfectly get along in one place-provided that there is not so much dill.
- Basil and tomatoes work well together.
- Brassica oleracea and lettuce are good neighbors in one row.
- Cucumbers that weave through corn or sunflowers feel great and bear fruit until the cold weather.
- Beans on poles get along well with low cucumbers and tomatoes.
- Radishes are well sown where zucchini and other late vegetables will be later. But this is a question of combining in time.
This useful information can help, firstly, to spend less effort on protecting garden plants from all sorts of misfortunes, and secondly, to make better use of the available area of the garden.